Type 2 diabetes, each year, there are hundreds of millions of people worldwide suffer from the disease, but only a small number of them know they have the disease. Diabetes is often called the “silent killer” because the symptoms key to ignore it.
The best way to know you have the disease is no blood test. But if you find yourself with the symptoms below, see a doctor, on the advice of Maria Collazo-Clavell doctors from the Mayo Clinic (USA):
1 – Mụch urination, much thirst
If you want to urinate frequently – especially if you often have to get up during the night to the toilet, which can be a sign of type 2 diabetes.
The kidneys must be active in order to eliminate excess sugar in the blood, so it will end you wake up – sometimes several times – in the night. More thirsty means your body is trying to compensate for lost fluid.
Two symptoms are always bundled together, and “is the way that your body trying to control the rise in blood sugar”.
2. Lose weight fast
Having too much glucose in the blood and accelerate the process of weight loss – can be from 5 to 10 pounds in 2-3 months – but this is not a good sign.Because the hormone insulin is not putting glucose into the cells – where it will be used as energy, so the body thinks it is “hungry” and began to destroy the proteins of the muscles to make a material alternative.
Your kidneys then have to work hard to remove excess sugar, and this requires a lot of energy. “These processes are energy consumption, so your calorie deficit.”
3 – Always hungryThe severe pain is a sign of diabetes, may be derived from the blood sugar is too high or too low. When blood sugar plummeted, the body thinks it is not eaten, and requests need to add glucose to the cell activity.
4. Skin diseases
Itchy skin – perhaps the result of dry skin, or poor circulation – generally a sign of diabetes, along with other skin diseases such as skin discoloration (around the neck or armpits hollow).People with these signs undoubtedly have insulin resistance, although their blood sugar may not be high. So, when you see these signs, you should check your blood sugar.
5 – Long healingInfections, scrapes and bruises do not heal quickly place is a typical sign of diabetes.
This occurs because the blood vessels are damaged by too much glucose in the veins move, arteries. It makes it hard for blood flow to different parts of the body – a necessity to patch the wound healing.
6 – Fungal infectionsDiabetes causes the body is very sensitive to infections, candida and popular as other fungi. Fungi and bacteria thrive in environments rich in sugar reliable.
In particular, women need to be aware of the infection, vaginal candidiasis frequently, because it may be a sign that you have diabetes.
7 – Fatigue and irritability
Diabetes makes you tired because the night to get up often, and, therefore, your body struggles to compensate for a shortage of sugar. Then you will be quick to anger.
8 – Blurred vision
Look blurry, shows flashes or see objects flying through the direct consequence of the rise in blood sugar.That’s because when blood glucose is high, it alters the morphology of the crystalline lens and the eye. The good news is this will reverse symptoms when your blood sugar back to normal. However, if high blood sugar condition to not check for a long time, glucose will change permanently iris, which can cause blindness, and can not recover.
9 – Tingling or numbnessThe phenomenon of tingling and numbness in hands, feet, along with a hot or swollen pain, is the sign that the nerves are diabetic vandalism.”If these symptoms appear, can be reversed.” That is why we must try to control the blood sugar as soon as possible.
10. Blood testsWant to check for diabetes, you need to do some tests, including blood tests in the morning before eating. If blood glucose exceeded 126 mg/dL on two occasions, which means you have diabetes. If 100 to 125 mg/dL, you are considered pre-diabetes. Less than 99mg/dL is normal.
How to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes
1. Participate in daily physical activity: Exercise improves the action of insulin, glucose into the blood and moves into tissues where it can be used to generate energy.
2. Maintain a healthy weight: If you are overweight, weight gain more than weight is down, the risk of diabetes and lower yours. At this point, should talk to the doctor to be able to maintain optimal weight than the body and your health.
3. Eat a diet low in carbohydrates refined: And the combination of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and monounsaturated fats (like olive oil) into your diet.
4. Monitor your health: Get checked regularly test for diabetes, blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides, and seek treatment if necessary.